Sundarbans Tiger Reserve

West Bengal

The Sunderbans ecosystem is a unique natural wonder of south Asia and the globe. The delta is spread over India and Bangladesh with an area of approximately 10,000 square kilometres and is enjoying the status of being largest halophytic mangrove forest in the world. It is a delta of the two great Indian River The Ganga and The Brahamputra which converges on the Bengal basin. The whole area is kingdom of the famous Royal Bengal Tigers.


The Sunderbans National Park is a tiger and biosphere reserve located in the Sunderbans delta in the state of West Bengal (India). The Sunderbans is named after the Sundari trees which are found here in abundance. Shared between India and Bangladesh, the Sundarbans meaning beautiful forest, have been declared a UNESCO heritage site. This area has a silent charm that manages to amaze one with the simplicity and naturalness of its ecological balance in spite of offering habitat to some of the most dynamic and awe-inspiring flora and fauna. They are in fact the last remaining stands of the mighty jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain and the sustainability of this natural structure is pretty majestic.

 

Wildlife and Birdlife

Endangered species in the bioreserve other than the elusive swamp tiger are, king crabs, olive ridley turtle. You can also find the jungle fowl, giant lizards, spotted deer, wild boar and crocodiles in these forests. The Siberian ducks are another famous attraction here. Besides this, there are over 64 varieties of mangroves such as goran, genwa, dhundal, garjan, kankra, sundari and passur. Make sure to hit the Nilkamalor Hiron Point and Katka viewpoints that offer fantastic views of animals in the wilderness.


The forest is also rich in birdlife, with 286 species including the endemic brown-winged kingfishers and the globally threatened lesser adjutants and masked finfoots and birds of prey such as the ospreys, white-bellied sea eagles and grey-headed fish eagles. Some more popular birds found in this region are open-billed storks, black-headed ibis, water hens, coots, pheasant-tailed jacanas, pariah kites, brahminy kites, marsh harriers, swamp partridges, red junglefowls, spotted doves, common mynahs, jungle crows, jungle babblers, cotton teals, herring gulls, Caspian terns, gray herons, brahminy ducks, spot-billed pelicans, great egrets, night herons, common snipes, wood sandpipers, green pigeons, rose-ringed parakeets, paradise flycatchers, cormorants, white-bellied sea eagles, seagulls, common kingfishers, peregrine falcons, woodpeckers, whimbrels, black-tailed godwits, little stints, eastern knots, curlews, golden plovers, pintails, white-eyed pochards and lesser whistling ducks.

 

Quick Facts

 

State

West Bengal

Area

1330 sq. km

Core Area

362 sq. km

Altitude

5 meter above sea level

Location

North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas districts

Temperature Range

42°C to 9°C

Annual Rainfall

2600 mm

Best time to Visit

November to March

Vegetation

Mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers

Water Resource

A network of estuaries, tidal rivers, and creeks intersected by numerous channels

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