Kanha Tiger Reserve

Madhya Pradesh

The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha have been  immortalised by Rudyard Kipling, who set his 1894 Jungle Book adventure of Mowgli (the Wolf Boy) in this very forest. The vast size of the park makes extended explorations possible, making it a favourite with photographers for its sheer quality of wildlife viewing.


The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh came into being in 1955 and forms the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve, created in 1974 under Project Tiger. The park is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India that forms the central Indian highlands.The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve and interestingly is being declared as one of the finest wildlife areas in the world.


The Park is respected globally for saving the Barasingha from near extinction. No doubt, it is one of the best managed parks in Asia and a part of Project Tiger. National Geographic's award winning 'Land of the Tigers' was shot here, but the park is home to leopards, wild dogs and Barasingha as well. Legendary for its wilderness and tiger sightings, this reserve has fascinated many travellers around the corners of the world with its well developed infrastructure specially meant for them. A safari in Kanha will surely get you thrilled, the way you were on your first trip to the zoo, as a child.

 

Wildlife and Birdlife

Immensely rich in game, Kanha has the distinction of harbouring the last of the highly vulnerable hard-ground barasingha. Tiger sighting is almost guaranteed and meadows abound with large herds of chital and barasingha. The park is also a good place to see the leopard, sloth bear, dhole (Indian wild dog) and Indian wolf. Lesser predators include the jungle cat, Indian fox, small Indian civet, golden jackal, common and ruddy mongoose. The prey base species also include gaur, sambar, chital, wild boar, chousingha and barking deer. Primates here are the northern plains grey langur and rhesus macaque.


The bird life is impressive, with over 300 species including the mottled wood owl, grey-headed fish eagle, red spurfowl, painted francolin, jungle bush quail, blue-capped rock thrush, Indian vulture, brown fish owl, orange-headed thrush, tawny-bellied and Indian scimitar babbler, Tickell’s and ultramarine flycatcher, greater racket-tailed drongo, malabar pied hornbill, brown-cheeked fulvetta, Indian scops owl, crested tree swift, sirkeer malkoha, zitting cisticola, scarlet minivet, white-rumped shama, Indian nightjar and Indian thick-knee. Warblers found here are the Hume’s leaf, sulphur-bellied and greenish warbler.

 

Quick Facts

 

State

Madhya Pradesh

Area

2050 sq. km

Core Area

917 sq. km

Altitude

500 to 1000 meter above sea level

Location

Madla and Balaghat districts

Temperature Range

42°C to 1°C

Annual Rainfall

1225 mm

Best time to Visit

October to April

Vegetation

Tropical moist deciduous, tropical moist deciduous and sassy meadows

Water Resource

Suklum and Banjar are the two main rivers apart from several seasonal rain-fed rivers

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