Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

Uttar Pradesh

The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is located in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the finest examples of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai eco-systems. The northern edge of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border, which is defined to a large extent by the Mohana river. while the Suheli river marks the southern boundary. The area is a vast alluvial floodplain traversed by numerous rivers and streams flowing in south-easterly direction. It ranges in altitude from 110 to 185 meters above sea level.


These forests had been the habitat of the rhinoceros almost 150 years ago. Apart from the swamp deer, a major rhinoceros rehabilitation project was started in 1984. Five rhinos were relocated from Assam but two of the females died due to the strains of transportation. Four more female rhinos from Nepal were brought here to replace these in 1985.

 

Wildlife and Birdlife

There are at least 37 species of mammals and 16 species of reptiles. The reserve park is a home to a large number of rare and endangered species including Bengal floricans, wild pig, jackal, leopard, sloth bear, tiger and the lesser cats such as fishing cat, civet, leopard cat and jungle cat. Dudhwa Tiger Reserve has 101 tigers, 1800 barasingha and four leopards.

The Hispid Hare has been sighted in this area only recently. The herds of deer are often spotted especially around the grassy wetlands of the Sathania and Kakraha blocks.


There are 400 species of avifauna. The reserve is abundant in water birds both local and migratory. There are bulbul, black and white-necked storks, painted cranes, and night birds such as great Indian horned owl, jungle owlet, kingfishers, minivets and woodpeckers. The avian fauna is majorly aquatic in nature and can be seen around the lakes of Dudhwa such as Bank Tal.

 

Quick Facts

 

State

Uttar Pradesh

Area

2200 sq. km

Core Area

1100 sq. km

Altitude

110 to 185 meter above sea level

Location

Lakhimpur-Kheri district

Temperature Range

45°C to 9°C

Annual Rainfall

1600 mm

Best time to Visit

October to April

Vegetation

Terai belt consisting to marshy grasslands

Water Resource

Vast alluvial floodplain traversed by numerous rivers and streams flowing in south-easterly direction

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