Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh is a place of mythological and legendary significance. The ancient Bandhavgarh Fort is of great importance as it is believed to have been gifted by Lord Rama to his younger brother Lakshmana. 'Bandhav' in English means brother and ‘Garh’ means fort. Hence the name, Bandhavgarh. Bandhavgarh dates back to 2000 years ago and you will find several man made caves with inscriptions and rock paintings.


Bandhavgarh is the land of tigers, boasting the highest density of royal Bengal tiger in the world. This is THE place to visit if you want to spot the big cat. India’s top dwelling for tigers, Bandhavgarh National Park has the highest density of Royal Bengal tigers in the world. The sight of the majestic tiger, up close and personal, is said to trigger a sense of awe in you, of the kinds you would have only experienced in your childhood.


There are three core zones of the national park from where visitors can enjoy safari rides, namely Tala zone, Magadhi zone, Khitauli zone. A limited number of vehicles are permitted to enter inside the national park in each shift.

 

Wildlife and Birdlife

The forest has a complex tapestry of habitats dominated by tropical moist deciduous sal and bamboo, interspersed with marshes and grassy meadows. Extending over an area of 450 sq km, the park has the highest density of tigers in the world. Bandhavgarh is indeed one of the best reserves in India for viewing tigers in their natural habitat, making it the preferred destination for photographers and wildlife enthusiasts.


Other large predators are the leopard, sloth bear, Indian wolf and Indian wild dog or dhole. The lesser predators include jungle cat, golden jackal, Indian fox and ruddy mongoose. The prey base comprises an abundant population of gaur, chital, sambar, barking deer, nilgai, Indian gazelle, wild boar and the chausingha (the only four-horned antelope in the world). Primates found here are the northern plains langur and rhesus macaque.


The avian highlights of Bandhavgarh include the mottled wood owl, grey-headed fish eagle, shaheen falcon, lesser adjutant stork, asian openbill, white-naped and yellow fronted pied woodpecker, Malabar pied hornbill, painted spurfowl, jungle bush quail, gold fronted & jerdon’s leafbird, blue-bearded bee-eater, black headed oriole, zitting cisticola, Indian scops owl, orange-headed thrush, tawny-bellied and puff-throated babbler, Indian nuthatch, sirkeer malkoha, Indian scimitar babbler, crested-tree swift and brown-cheeked fulvetta.

 

Quick Facts

 

State

Madhya Pradesh

Area

1598 sq. km

Core Area

716 sq. km

Altitude

440 to 811 meter above sea level

Location

Umaria district

Temperature Range

42°C to 2°C

Annual Rainfall

1200 mm

Best time to Visit

November to April

Vegetation

Tropical moist deciduous, dry deciduous and scrub

Water Resource

Son, Umrar rivers and numerous rain fed streams

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